Volume XXH, Number 49 March 25, 1922
Published Weekly by Northwestern University
Northwestern University Building
EVANSTON and CHICAGO
Published by the University
Dental School Calendar
Sept. 25 Mon. Examinations for advanced standing begin
Oct. 3 Tue. Academic year begins
Oct. 14 Sat. Last day for entrance in course
Nov. 30 Thu. Thanksgiving Day
Dec. 23 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess
Jan. 8 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess
Jan. 29 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins
Feb. 12 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin
Feb. 19 Mon. Second semester begins
Feb. 22 Thu. Washington's Birthday
Feb. 24 Sat. Practitioner's Course ends
Apr. 25 Wed. Student's Clinic
May 30 Wed. Memorial Day
May 28 Mon. Senior examinations begin
June 4 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be-
June 14 and 15 Home Coming Clinic
Thu. and Fri.
June 15 Fri. Commencement Banquet
June 16 Sat. Alumni Day at Evanston
June 18 Mon. sixty- fifth annual commencement
ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met in the City
of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street,
near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K.
Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant
Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con-
sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. They
agreed that "the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate
establishment of a University in the Northwest," and appointed a
committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January
28, in the next year, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that
incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The
name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern
The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some
of whom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist
Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The
corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees
elected by the Board, and two elected by each of three annual con-
ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of forty-
The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem-
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular
religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the
Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may
become departments of the University; that all property of whatever
kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation
shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no
spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or
otherwise within four miles of the location of the University.
After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the
Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of
Lake Michigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here
in 1855 the first University building was erected, and about this
location has grown up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential
city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of
Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in th'e city of
Walter Dill Scott, Ph.D., LL.D., President of the University.
Arthur Davenport Black, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean Emeritus.
William James Farquharson, Secretary.
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of Oral
Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of
Dental Pathology and of Operative Dentistry.
Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and
James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry.
Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology'.
Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia.
Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry.
Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental
Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry.
Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Oral Surgery.
William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy;
Curator of the Museum.
Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry.
William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Professor of Histology.
Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry.
George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Professor of English.
Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Professor of Pathology; Special
Lt. Col. Rex Hays Rhoades, Professor of Military Science and Tac-
Karl Leroy Vehe, M.D., Assistant Professor of Anatomy.
John Frederick Christiansen, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Radi-
ology; Superintendent of the Clinic.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
George Edward Meyer, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Oral Surgery.
Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Ortho-
Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Oral Surgery.
Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Dental
Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Assistant Professor of
Herbert Scott Ray, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative Den-
Rudolph Oscar Schlosser, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic
Leon A. Marks, Ph.G., Assistant Professor of Chemistry.
Stanley William Clark, D.D.S,, Instructor in Oral Surgery and in
William Walter Jones, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia.
Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery
William L. Winters, B.S., Instructor in Anatomy.
Frank Blaine Rhobotham, D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica.
Homer King Nicoll, A.B., M.D., Instructor in Pathology.
Elmer Arthur Johnson, M.D., Instructor in Pathology.
Clarence W. Robertson, A.B., M.D., Instructor in Ph3^siology.
Myron Bliss Walling, D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica.
Olga Ruth Buttner, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia and His
Ray McKinley Dix, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Anatomy and
Loren Dana Sayre, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry.
Arthur Tanner, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry.
Charles Currier Dodge, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients.
Huston French Methven, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry.
Russell Reed Williams, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry.
Walter William Dalitsch, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Teclniics
Nels Oynes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistr}^
Otto Werner Silberhorn, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry.
William Leroy Wylie, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry.
Graham F. Barker, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry.
William J. Farquharson, Lecturer in Economics.
Ty Hee Dang, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry.
Leo Nolan Hulvey, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry.
Hector S. Ingram, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Technics.
Theodore Brockhaus Kurtz, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den-
Reuben A. Larsen, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry.
Leonard A. Peters, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry.
Samuel Maurice Rafish, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Technics.
Edgar Walfred Swanson, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics.
William A. Gilruth, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics.
STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY
Executive : Courses of study, general policy, student discipline; ad
interim committee. Dean, Secretary, Professor Gilmer, Professor
Blackw^ell, Dr. Christiansen.
University Council: Dean, Secretary, Professor Noyes.
Credentials and Graduate Courses: Credentials for advanced stand-
ing, graduate and post-graduate courses. Dean, Secretary, Pro-
Library and Museum: Collections, exhibits, library expansion, cata-
logues. Professor Bebb, Professor Potts, Professor Skillen.
Faculty Affairs: Faculty meetings, programs. Professor Hatton,
Professor Potts, Professor Merrifield.
Student Relations: Social, athletic, religious, fraternal relations.
Professor Christiansen, Professor Gethro, Professor Denton.
Student Council: The Student Relations Committee and two mem-
bers of each class.
Faculty Instruction Groups: See page 22.
The Dental School
THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for
the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the
most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for
the promotion of dental science and dental literature.
The reputation earned by this School is well shown by the tabu-
lation, on page 44, of the geographical distribution of students in
attendance during the past year, from forty-one states and eight
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
The Dental School was organized In 1887 and three years later
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied
the building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now
located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake
and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of
the building, over 60,000 square feet.
The following men are deserving of permanent recognition for
their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in its
development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edmund
Noyes, Edgar D. Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges,
C. R. E. Koch, W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero.
BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT
Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center
of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles,
a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of
clinical patients needed in a dental school.
The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great
clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con-
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on
the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight.
Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same
floor the special clinic for pulp treatments, the senior prosthetic lab-
oratory for crown and bridge work, the laboratory for porcelain and
cast metal inlay work, an impression room, two rooms and wait-
ing-room for extracting, and a room devoted to radiographic work.
There are seven lecture-rooms, three of which are arranged on the
amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 students. One of these
is for the oral surgery clinic which has a waiting-room for surgical
patients, a room for diagnosis and the preparation of patients, and
a recovery room with sufficient beds for the temporary care of
patients. The other four lecture rooms have seats for 175, 125, lOO,
and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms, each accom-
modating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are the anatom-
ical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the laboratories for
prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistry, biology, histology,
physiology, general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica, and for
physics; the students' reading-room, the library, and the museum.
A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every
facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which
confront the dental profession. This laboratory has every conven-
NORTHWESTER x\ UNIVERSITY
ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study
of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics.
THE THEODORE MENGES LIBRARY
The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together
with the attached Journal Reading Room, 5,400 feet of floor space.
It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun-
dred students. The Library contains 7,500 volumes of books on
dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency-
clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta-
tion; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been
published in the English language, with about 85,000 duplicate num-
bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to
six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals
may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and when the
duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a
THE G. V. BLACK MUSEUM
The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com-
plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec-
tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to
the best advantage.
Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William
Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb
Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern
animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of
preserved fur animals, and a very choice collection of ancient and
modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many
volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and
engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the
development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most
attractive manner for exhibition and study.
The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the
teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there
are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of
the several orders to afiford specimens of every kind of tooth form
and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes,
with a large variety of fishes.
The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel-
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth;
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth,
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws
from childhood to old age.
The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth
of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus-
trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter-
proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super-
numerary teeth ; in examples of the very early forms of artificial
teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments,
illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been
made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being
continually increased by donations from those who have met with
specimens unusual or rare in practice.
It also contains a most complete representation of the progress
of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive
steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection
of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac-
tice of dentistry.
SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS
The central location of the school and its convenient access from
every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students.
It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while
attending the school, without inconvnience in coming and going.
It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to
draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The
patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago
and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of ^he
school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint-
ances, made in and about his place of residence, is an invaluable
adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the
school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the
personal clinical practice of the individual student.
In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less
favored than the student whose home is in the city. This gaining,
and holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of
the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features
of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its
students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in
10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in
building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill In professional
comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which
Is as necessary to him In after years, in drawing together and main-
taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill
In their treatment.
For these reasons the residence of students in groups In widely
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity
to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of
large gatherings of students in a single locality.
Chicago Is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu-
dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the
north offers, besides Its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive
botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of
plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection,
where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and
the Museum of Natural History, in which there Is a very large
collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life.
Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive
pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter
conservatories. The new Field Columbian Museum, located in
Grant Park, offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens
especially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, of
modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in the vari-
ous races and types of men In different ages. The admission to this
museum Is free to students on presentation of their matriculation
tickets to this school.
The Art Institute of Chicago Is located within easy walking
distance of the School; It offers many free admission hours, making
Its cultural opportunities conveniently available.'
A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary Interest,
or In connection with special studies.
The University library collections offer very abundant facilities
for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible;
generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College
Library, the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11
Chicago Library (1,144,803 volumes) is on IVIichigan Avenue
and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the School. It is
one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books
from this libran^ when vouched for by responsible persons known
to the officials. This librar>^ has also many branch offices in different
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application.
These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students.
The Newberry Library is ver}- large (400,000 volumes) and,
besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history.
It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached
in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library and books can
be used only in its reading rooms.
The Johx Crerar Library (475,000 volumes) occupies its
own building, corner Michigan Boulevard and Randolph Street, five
minutes' walk from the School. It is devoted mainly to the natural,
the physical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has
one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals.
It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference librar}^
and its books are used only in its reading rooms.
Admission and Instruction
In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip-
ment and facilities of every kind, Northwestern University Dental
School complies fully with the rules of the Dental Educational
Council of America for Class A Dental Schools.
Attention is directed to the entrance requirements for the year
1922-23. Dentistry needs more practitioners with broader educa-
tion, and all who can afford to do so are urged to take more than one
year in a College of Liberal Arts before entering dental school.
Extra time devoted to college courses will be of much advantage in
entrance requirements for year 192 2- 1923
One year of Liberal Arts is required for admission to the Dental
course. A candidate may be accepted on presentation of the follow-
High School: Fifteen units from an accredited high school or
academy, which shall include three units of English, one unit of
algebra, one unit of geometry and one unit of chemistry or physics.
The remaining nine units may be made up of other subjects in
standard High School courses. If physics is not offered for entrance.
12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
it must be taken during the first year of the dental course. High
school chemistry, biology or zoology cannot be substituted for the
college credits required in chemistry and zoology.
College: Thirty semester-hours in a College of Liberal Arts
which is recognized by Northwestern University, which shall include
six semester-hours of English, six semester-hours of inorganic chem-
istry and six semester-hours of zoology or biology. For the year
1 922- 1 923, one who has thirty semester-hours of credit, but is lack-
ing in either one of the special requirements in inorganic chemistry
or in zoology or biology, may be accepted with the understanding
that such special requirement will be made up before the beginning of
the Sophomore year.
This School will receive no student who is not present within
ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in case
of illness properly certified by the attending physician, within twenty
days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should
register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture
halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend-
ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted
at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening
Undergraduate students are not received for special courses.
The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of
students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain
at the school. The clinical material is abundant, and an excellent
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice.
The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi-
ence in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be
best understood by an examination of the subjoined statement of
patients cared for and operations performed during each year from
1913 to 1920.
Due to the change from the three- to the four-year course, the
classes operating in the clinic in 1919-20, 1920-21 and 1921-22 were
unusually small, and it was impossible to care for many persons who
applied for clinic service. The number of patients and the operations
mentioned for these years are therefore considerably less than the
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13
For the year 1913-14 iS^oSy 94,068
" '' " 1914-15 17,529 93,793
" " " 1915-16 18,118 96,455
" " " 1916-17 ' 17,868 96,620
" " " 1917-18 17,966 61,898
" *' " 1918-19 11,675 44,986
" " " 1919-20 7,597 40,157
" *' " 1920-21 7,617 32,536
Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of
the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from
the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the
library. Each student w^ill be required to have the books designated
before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. Many
reference books in the library may be used as needed.
The instruments essential to the students in the several depart-
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined.
Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that
the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without
being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser-
vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of
manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their
instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the
instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition
to his continuance in school work.
In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is
essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and
this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school.
This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of
instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators
in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same
instrument sets being used throughout the course of study.
In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar
care as to instruments is maintained.
14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING FOR YEAR 1 922- 1 923
Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in
this School should bring credentials for same, and should present
Students who present certificates from other dental schools
covering subjects required in this School may be credited with such
studies if the credentials are satisfactory to the Dean and to the
professors in the respective departments; but credits are not accepted
unconditionally. The Faculty reserves the right to examine any
applicant for advanced standing, if in its judgment that should be
No student will be accepted by transfer for matriculation in the
Sophomore or Junior class unless the previous record is creditable and
without a condition. Students will not be accepted by transfer from
other schools for matriculation in the Senior class, except in cases in
which credentials and other evidence show the applicant to be ex-
ceptionally well qualified. Credentials of all students applying for
advanced standing must be approved by the Committee on Creden-
tials for Advanced Standing.
Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con-
ditions in the Dental course will begin on September 25, 1922 —
one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations
will be ffiven at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will
be furnished upon request.
COURSE FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY
The course covers four years. The year begins on the first Tues-
day in October and closes on Commencement Day of the University
in June. There are not less than thirty-two weeks of actual instruc-
tion given, six days in each week.
RESERVE officers' TRAINING CORPS
At the request of the Surgeon-General of the Army, a Reserve
Officers' Training Corps was established during the year 1 920-1 921.
This course is optional in the Freshman and Sophomore years for all
students who can pass physical examinations, except aliens. Those
who, at the beginning of the Junior year, are given the opportunity
and choose to continue through the remainder of the course, must
meet all requirements, as in other courses, to graduate. R.O.T.C.
students will be required to attend a medical military camp for six
weeks during the summer following the Junior year. Each R.O.T.C.
student will receive about sixteen dollars per month during the
THE DENTAL SCHOOL \5
Junior and Senior years, and thirty dollars per month, also trans-
portation, quarters, rations, etc., during the summer camp. Uni-
forms will not be worn, and there will be no military training or
drills, except in the summer camp. R.O.T.C. graduates will be
eligible for service in the Army Dental Corps, but cannot be called
for service except in case of war.
Three post-graduate courses, each of four weeks' duration, are
given during the year. The first of these begins on the first Monday
in February, the second begins on the first Monday in June, and the
third on the first Monday in September. Additional short courses
of from one week to ten weeks' duration are given throughout the
year. A special announcement of these courses will be sent on request.
DENTAL HYGIEXISTS' COURSE
A dental hygienist's course for young women will be given during
the year 1922-23. The course will begin the first Tuesday in Octo-
ber, and continue until June. Graduation from high school, or the
equivalent, is required for registration. A special announcement will
be sent on request.
DENTAL assistants' COURSE
A dental assistant's course for young w^omen will be given during
the year 1922-23. The course will begin the first Tuesday in Octo-
ber, and continue until June. Two years of high school, or the
equivalent, will be required for admission. A special announcement
will be sent on request.
DENTAL mechanics' COURSE
A dental mechanic's course for young men will be given during
the year 1922-23. This course is intended to qualify those w^ho take
it for positions as dental laboratory workers. Two years of high
school, or the equivalent, will be required for admission. A special
announcement will be sent on request.
Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor
of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and
Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the
two degrees from eight to six years.
16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
Students who desire to obtain the degrees of Doctor of Medicine
and Doctor of Dental Surgery may enroll for a combined medical
and dental course, and thus shorten the time of earning these degrees
from nine to seven years, which includes one year of hospital interne-
ship. Those who enroll for this course must have completed the two
required pre-medical years in a College of Liberal Arts, which will
entitle them to register for the degree of Bachelor of Science, to be
awarded at the conclusion of the dental course.
Details regarding the combined courses will be furnished upon
The Graduate School of Northwestern University ofifers the de-
gree of Master of Science to those graduates of the Dental School
who devote an extra year to graduate study along special lines ar-
ranged by the Committee on Graduate Study of the Dental School
and approved by the faculty of the Graduate School. Information
regarding graduate courses will be furnished upon request.
REQUIREMENTS FOR A DEGREE
The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu-
dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi-
dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of
lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations in
the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and
laboratory work; who in the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral
character and are twenty-one years of age, and who have discharged
in full all financial obligations to the University.
A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon,
was organized in 191 4, upon the initiative of Northwestern Univer-
sity Dental School.
Membership is awarded to students who throughout their dental
course have met every requirement without condition or failure, and
whose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them
highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year
can achieve the honor of such membership.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 17
Fees and Expenses
FOR THE YEAR 1 922- 1 923
Matriculation Fee $10.00
This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any
department of the University, and covers subsequent matriculations
in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in
no case returnable.
Registration Deposit ^ each year $10.00
This deposit must be paid when names are enrolled for classes.
It will be credited 'on the tuition fee for the current year. It is not
returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula-
tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will
senT as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is
not credited on the tuition fee.
Tuition Fee, each year $250.00
This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula-
tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment and supplies,
but not for manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with
a locker for the protection of his private propert}^ Each Freshman
will be charged for three new padlocks for his lockers. Each student
operating in the clinic will be charged a towel fee each year.
Cook County Hospital fee, for Seniors $ 5.00
Final Examination fee, for Seniors 20.00
Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the
beginning of the school year. It may be paid in tw^o installments,
$125.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $125.00 at the
beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within
ten days of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but
in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments
should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the
order of Northwestern University. Out-of-town personal checks are
Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases
of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws
from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his
tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a
statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate
that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No
application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty
days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness.
18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT
The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de-
termined in advance, owing to the changes which may occur in prices
or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As
many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for
each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years,
the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as
Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer
from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever
may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding
For the year 1922-23, the School will supply the books and
equipment for the several classes. In order to reduce the cost of
equipment as much as possible, the School will supply certain items,
such as student operating cases, etc., which the student will not need
after graduation, upon a rental basis.
Every student is required to purchase the complete outfit of
books and equipment from the School.
The student should come prepared to pay for the complete outfit
of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at
least the first semester tuition.
ESTIMATE OF COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT FOR EACH CLASS
FOR THE YEAR I922-I923
Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 75.00
Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about 130.00
Sophomore year, books, about $ 30.00
Instruments and other equipment, about 230.00
Junior year, books, about $ 40.00
Instruments and other equipment, about 25.00
Senior year, books, about $ 20.00
Equipment and Cook County Hospital fee 10.00
ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPENSES FOR FOUR- YEAR COURSE
Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 465.00
Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 510.00
Junior year, tuition, books and equipment ^ 3i5-oo
Senior year, tuition, final examination fee, books and equipment.... 300.00
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 19
This is an average of about $400.00 per year. The equipment
includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except
dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip-
ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school
expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After
the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so
that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of
office equipment at the time of graduation.
UNIVERSITY NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PERSONAL LOSSES
The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal
property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by
the Universit}^ whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown
CHARGE FOR BREAKAGE
Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or
breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property
of the University.
students' extra funds
Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds than
their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the
University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on
this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as
may be prescribed.
BOARD AND ROOM
Rooms and board may be obtained at about $15.00 a w^eek.
Rooms without board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at
about $25.00 a month.
A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer-
sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this
In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist
them while attending school, this department w^ill also endeavor to
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without
detriment to his educational w^ork.
the university DORMITORIES
The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus
near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to
the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago.
Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the
Secretary' of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a
Jeposit of $10.
20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
In 19 1 5-1 6, this School adopted the general plan of teaching by
the division of classes into small sections for recitation and laboratory
periods, in order that the student might receive more thorough in-
struction. To accomplish this, the building was remodeled to pro-
vide necessary additional rooms and laboratory facilities, and the
teaching staff was increased in every department.
A general rearrangement of courses has been made to obtain the
best possible co-ordination and sequence of related subjects.
Hours a Week
Chemistry, Organic and
Dental Anatomy 2 (ist Sem.)
Operative Technics 2 (2d Sem.)
Prosthetic Technics 2
28 320 896 — 1,216
Hours a Week Hours a Year
Lec.-Rec. Laboratory Lec.-Rec. Laboratory
Physiology 3 3 96 96
Bacteriology 2 3 64 96
*Pathology 1 3 32 96
Materia Medica and
Comp. Dental Anatomy
Operative Technics ...
Prosthetic Technics ...
Orthodontia Technics . ,
3 (i Sem.) 32 48
(i Sem.) 2 (i Sem.) 16 32
3 64 96
9 32 288
3 (i Sem.) 16 48
25 352 800 — 1,152
*In both Junior and Sophomore courses in 1922-23, thereafter in Sopho-
more year only.
Hours a Week Hours
Lec.-Rec. Laboratory Lec.-Rec.
• I 32
. 1 3 32
I 3 (i Sem.) 32
I (i Sem.) I (i Sem.) 16
. I 32
. 2 64
• I 3 32
I (i Sem.) 16
I (i Sem.) 16
I (i Sem.)
9H Aver. 33 304
Principles of Medicine...
Principles of Surgery. . .
Clinical Operative a n
Prosthetic Dentistry . .
R.O.T.C. (optional) ...
*In 1922-23, this course will be included in the Sophomore schedule,
and will be omitted from the Junior schedule after 1922-23.
Hours a Week Hours a Year
Lec.-Rec. Laboratory Lec.-Rec. Laboratory
♦Dental Pathology 2 64
Jurisprudence and Ethics.. i (i Sem.) 16
Dental Economics 1 (i Sem.) 16
*Oral Surgery 2 2 64 64
♦Operative Dentistry 2 32
♦Prosthetic Dentistry 2 64
Orthodontia 1 (i Sem.) 32
Special Clinics for Divisions
of Class, in Extraction,
Oral Surgery, Ortho-
dontia, Peridental Dis-
eases, Operative and , r , ^
Prosthetic Dentistrv .... 2 < l^^ .^. } 64
. . ' I Division J ^
Clinical Practice in Ortho-
dontia, Operative and
Prosthetic Dentistry .... . 3° 9^
95^ 34 272 1,088 — 1,360
R.O.T.C. (optional) i
•One hour each week will be devoted to seminar work, consisting of
the reiding and discussion of themes prepared by members of the class.
22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
Outlines of Courses of Study
In order to secure the best possible co-ordination in teaching, the
courses of study are arranged in nine groups, and the teaching staff
of each group constitutes a faculty group committee. The outlines
of courses appear in the order of this group arrangement, which is
1. Chemistry, physics, metallurgy.
2. Anatomy, histology, embryology.
3. Physiology, materia medica, pharmacology.
4. Bacteriology, pathology, hygiene.
5. Operative dentistry.
6. Prosthetic dentistry.
Ethics, jurisprudence, economics, history, English.
Chemistry — Metallurgy
*a. Lecture-recitation — Organic Chemistry — Composition and
classification of organic compounds and the study of individual
groups. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin and
b. Laboratory — Qualitative organic analysis and preparation of
organic compounds representing important groups. First semester.
Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Pro-
fessor Gordin and Mr. Marks.
c. Metallurgy and Quantitative Inorganic Analysis^ Gravi-
metric and Volumetric — The examination of metals, alloys, amal-
gams, and solders, particularly those used in dentistry. Fusing
points and eutectic points. Preparation of low-fusing alloys. Refin-
ing of gold and silver and their recovery from scrap materials. First
semester. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a
week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks.
*For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class,
and the class is divided into sections of about forty for recitations. As a
rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 23
d. Physiological Chemistjy — Lecture-recitation — The funda-
mental principles of the chemistry of the material bases of the body.
Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin and Mr.
e. Laboratory Work in Physiological Chemistry — Character-
istic reactions of proteins and carbohydrates. Practical study of
salivar}% gastric, and pancreatic digestion. Analysis of teeth and
saliva. Urine analysis. The qualitative and quantitative determina-
tion of the constituents of normal and pathologic urine. Second
semester. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a
week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks.
a. Lecture-recitation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve
wTeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week.
Dr. Vehe and Mr. Winters.
b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four
weeks, one hour a week. Dr. Vehe and Mr. Winters.
c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper or lower ex-
tremity and the abdomen are dissected. First semester. Class di-
vided into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week.
Dr. Vehe, Mr. Winters, and Assistants.
d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the
Senses and Splanchnology — Second semester, one hour a week. Dr.
Vehe and Mr. Winters.
e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The head, neck and
thorax. Surgical anatomy of the head and neck. Second semester.
Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a
week. Dr. Vehe, Mr. Winters, and Assistants.
Comparative Dental Anatomy
a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure;
natural selection ; changes in organs ; correlation of growth between
parts; principles of heredity and fixity of species; tooth forms;
24 NORTHWES TE RN UNIVERSITY
definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical
mammalian dentition; classification of the animal kingdom, with
concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One se-
mester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb.
b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci-
a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the
microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary
tissues; histology of the organs; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs and
skin. First semester, two hours a week. Professor Skillen.
b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture
course. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section
two two-hour periods a week. Professor Skillen and Dr. Buttner.
c. Recitations — During laboratory hours.
d. Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel; the peri-
dental membranes; periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other
soft tissues of the mouth. Second semester. Two hours a week for
ten weeks. Professor Skillen.
e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — Second semester. Two
hours a week for five weeks. Professor Skillen.
f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture
courses d and e. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each
section one three-hour period a week. Professor Skillen and Dr.
g. Recitations — During laboratory hours.
a. Lecture-recitation — The structure of the elementary tissue;
the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 25
the blcx)d. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin
and Dr. Robertson.
b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ;
metabolism; nutrition and diet; animal heat; excretion; muscle;
nerve physiolog}' ; production of voice. Second semester. Two hours
a week. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Robertson.
c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation, and respiration.
Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week
throughout the year. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Robertson, and As-
d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — Brain;
spinal cord ; reproductive organs ; development. One hour a week
throughout the year. Professor Wiggin.
Principles of the Practice of Medicine
a. Lecture-recitation — Because of the intimate connection be-
tween diseased teeth and systemic disorders, it is essential that dentists
be familiar with the elementary principles of the general subject
medicine. This subject includes etiolog}^ diagnosis, symptomatology,
course, treatment, and prognosis of a few of the more typical diseases,
as well. as those having some relationship to mouth disorders. The
mouth symptoms and changes will be especially emphasized. The
elementar>' principles of physical diagnosis will be taught in connec-
tion with this course, and ample opportunity given to become familiar
with the methods of measuring blood pressure and estimating hemo-
globin percentage. One hour a week throughout the year. Pro-
Materia Medica and Therapeutics
a. Lecture-recitation — Consideration of the history of the rela-
tion of drugs and remedies to dentistry ; methods of administration of
remedies; action and effect of drugs; dosage; agencies and conditions
which modify therapeutic action and physiologic effect; classification
26 N O R T H W E S TE R N UNIVERSITY
of drugs according to their therapeutic action ; indications and contra-
indications for the use of drugs as remedies for pathologic conditions
in the mouth ; poisons, their antidotes, and the antagonistic action of
drugs. One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Clark and Dr.
b. Laboratory — The forms, origin and derivation of drugs; a
critical study of physical characteristics from samples of about one
hundred drugs and their preparations; the principles of prescription
writing and of combining drugs in prescriptions; apothecaries' and
metric weights and measures, and transposition from one to the other;
solubility and preparation of solutions by percentage, and parts by
weight and volume. Class divided into sections, each section three
hours a week during one semester. Dr. Clark and Assistants.
a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara-
tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin-
guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi-
ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms;
diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth
and mouth ; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a
week throughout the year. Professor Willard.
b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and
management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures;
deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva,
from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth ; staining, mount-
ing, and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided
into sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year.
Professor Willard and Assistant.
a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutri-
tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb-
ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc-
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 27
tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and
degenerations; necrosis; inflammation; progressive tissue changes;
neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by
them. One hour a w^eek throughout the year. Professor Hatton.
b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections,
each section three hours a week. Recitations during laboratory hours.
Dental Pathology and Therapeutics
PROFESSOR BLACK, PROFESSOR MERRIFIELD
a. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin-
givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review
of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues,
their diseases, and treatment. In this course especial attention will
be given to the technical procedures and their application in the
clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical
infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of
this course. About 17,000 radiographs w^ere taken for school patients
last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures
which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented.
One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Merrifield and Dr.
b. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Dental
Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions; hyperemia and
inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin; devitalization; removal;
treatment of canals; root filling; aseptic technique; alveolar abscess;
chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their
e£Eect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout^
the year. Professor Willard.
c Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth and
Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in
the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc.;
in dental caries, secondary dentin and excementosis ; also the changes
in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification;
and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic
pericementitis. One period of three hours a week during one semes-
ter. Dr. Nicoll.
*In 1922-23 this course will be included in both Sophonnore and Junior
schedules, and thereafter in the Sophomore schedule only.
28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
d. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one
hundred points in pulp treatments and one hundred points in peri-
dental treatments in the clinic.
e. Lecture-recitation — Pathology of Both the Hard and Soft
Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dystrophies of the enamel, of
erosion, abrasion and dental caries; of the diseases and treatment of
the gingivae and peridental membranes, and of the dental pulp. One
hour a week throughout the year. Professor 'Black.
f. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of dental pa-
thology and studies in the Research Laboratory. In this course se-
lected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in
books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Groups
will also be assigned to the Research Laboratory. Each week a short
theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by
others. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black and
g. Clinical Practice — Senior students are required to make two
hundred and fifty points in pulp treatments and two hundred and
fifty points in peridental treatments in the clinic. Radiographic
studies of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal
fillings, will be an important part of the care of cases in the clinic.
h. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week
for five weeks. Professor Black and Dr. Merrifield.
Mouth Hygiene; Oral Prophylaxis
a. Lecture-recitation — This course will include a presentation
of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a
discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main-
taining mouth cleanliness will be discussed, and the technic will be
given in detail. Preventive measures which may be employed by both
dentist and patient. Mouth hj^giene technique. The relation be-
tween operative and prosthetic procedures to the diseases of the soft
tissues. Teaching of mouth hygiene in public schools, and dental
service in public schools and eleemosynary institutions. Second se-
mester. One hour a week. Professor Black.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 29
PROFESSOR GETHRO, PROFESSOR WILLARD, PROFESSOR BLACKWELL,
Dental Anatomy, Operative Technics
a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human
Teeth — Nomenclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with
especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour
a week. Dr. Ray.
b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth; carv-
ing the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the
internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week.
Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix.
c. Lecture-recitation — Instruments and Instrumentation — A
study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta-
tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity Nomen-
clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of
the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their
preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma-
nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Ray.
d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight
excavators made to millimeter scale in brass; preparation of cavities
in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class
divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week.
Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix.
e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara-
tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation;
principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation; cavity
preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and
instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill-
ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex-
posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of
root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor
Blackwell, Dr. Wylie, Dr. Swanson and Dr. Howell.
30 N O R r H W E S IMUl N U N I V E R S I T Y
f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the
various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root
canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of
diseases of the periodical membrane. These operations are performed
w^ith extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man-
ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual
practice as possible. One three-hour period a week throughout the
year. Dr. Swanson and Dr. Howell.
g. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill^
ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys-
trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries
of enamel; caries of dentin; inception and progress of dental caries;
conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of
dental caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital
phenomena in dental caries; hyperesthesia of dentin; treatment of
dental caries; curative effect of fillings; selection of filling materials.
First semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro.
h. Lecture-recitation — The force used in mastication in relation
to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of
cavities by classes; ''extension for prevention" and its limitations;
esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their pathology and treat-
ment; the childhood period of the permanent teeth; management of
patients. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro.
i. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a
week during the entire year. Oi>erations amounting to one hundred
points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays
and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given
for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the
cavity, the operative difficulties encountered, and the excellence of
the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in
each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard,
Professor Blackwell, Dr. Wylie, and Assistants.
j. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of operative den-
tistry. For this course selected groups of articles in the periodical
literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for
seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a mem-
ber of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week through-
out the year. Professor Blackwell and Professor Gethro.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 31
k. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily throughout
the year. Operations amounting to two hundred and fifty points arc
required in gold fillings, two hundred and fifty points in gold inlays
and two hundred and fifty points in amalgam fillings. Professor
Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, Professor Blackwell,
Dr. Wylie, and Assistants.
1. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for
five weeks. Professor Gethro.
PROFESSOR SCHLOSSER, PROFESSOR RIDGWAY, DR. KURTZ
a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers
the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and
bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester.
b. Laboratory — "Impression taking, model constructing, occlud-
ing, waxing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing and finishing partial
and full artificial dentures. Construction of crowns and dummies,
all metal, and metal and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and
dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section
nine hours a week throughout the year. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch,
Dr. Rafish, Dr. Silberhorn and Dr. Oynes.
c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on
the nature and phj^sical properties of metals, especially those used
in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses; the manipu-
lation of metals, swaging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding,
tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway.
d. Laboratory — Construction of dies and counter dies; swaging
metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by
vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal
and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form
bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section
nine hours a week. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch, Dr. Rafish, Dr. Sil-
berhorn and Dr. Oynes.
e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of Paris
and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication ;
32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement
and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One hour a week.
f. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal
dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con-
struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced
work in crowns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into
sections, each section nine hours a week. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch,
Dr. Rafish, Dr. Silberhorn and Dr. Oynes.
g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined
in previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic.
The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em-
ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite;
movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of
artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Schlosser.
h. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den-
tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain
bridges; continuous gum dentures. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch, Dr.
Rafish, Dr. Silberhorn and Dr. Oynes.
i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com-
pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each
of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred
points in crowns and bridges and one hundred points in denture
construction. Dr. Methven, Dr. Sayre, Dr. Tanner, and Dr. Dang.
j. Lecture-recitation — Summary of recent methods and appli-
ances; application of porcelain in prosthesis; porcelain crowns; porce-
lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns
and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges;
review of anatomical occlusion ; cleft palate appliances, splints for
fractures. One hour a week. Professor Schlosser.
k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of prosthetic den-
tistry. For this course, selected articles in the periodical literature
and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar
study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of
the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the
year. Professor Schlosser.
1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 33
varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation
of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set-
ting crowns and bridges. The minimum requirement is two hundred
and fifty points in crowns and bridges, and two hundred and fifty
points in dentures. Dr. Methven, Dr. Sayre, Dr. Tanner and Dr.
PROFESSOR GILMER AND PROFESSOR POTTS
a. Principles of Surgery — Principles involved in surgical oper-
ations: Rooms and equipment, asepsis, care of the operator's hands,
the field of operation, instruments, dressings, etc. Care of w^ounds,
after treatment, solutions for irrigations. Treatment of hemorrhage,
extraction of teeth, minor operations in oral surgery. Examinations
and preparation of case histories. Blood examinations, the pulse and
temperature. One semester. One hour a week. Dr. Freeman.
b. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a w^eek for
five weeks. Dr. Meyer.
c. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a w^eek for five
weeks. Dr. Freeman.
d. Radiology — Lectures and practical instruction in radiographic
room. Second semester. Two hours each w^eek. Dr. Christiansen.
e. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review; state of the patient;
nature of operation ; choice of anesthetic ; prolonged dental opera-
tions; circumstances of administration; examination of patients; gen-
eral anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia;
ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes-
thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One
hour a week. Dr. Freeman.
f. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An-
esthesia — Daily in the extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist and Dr.
Clark. Each Junior student is required to make one hundred points
in surgical treatments and one hundred points in extractions.
g. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriology; inflammation; sup-
puration; wounds; hemorrhage; necrosis; chronic osteitis; disease of
the maxillary sinus; resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis;
facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi-
34 N () R 'r H W E S T K R N U N I V K R S I 'V Y
tion of third molars; impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation,
and implantation of teeth; cleft palate and harelip; affections of the
lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu-
risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer
and Professor Potts.
h. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of oral surgery,
with especial attention to the developments of the European War in
maxillo-facial surgery. For this course, selected groups of articles
in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to
small groups for seminar study. Each week a short theme will be
presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One
hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Freeman.
i. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year.
Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Meyer, Dr. Freeman and
Assistants. Nurses from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment
of cases will be by students, under direction of Professor Gilmer.
j. Surgical Clinic at Cook County Hospital — Two hours each
week throughout the year for a section of the class. Professor Potts.
k. Surgical Clinics at St. Luke's Hospital — Sections of the class
will be called at frequent intervals to attend clinics at St. Luke's
Hospital. Professor" Gilmer, Professor Potts.
Each Senior student is required to make two hundred and fifty
points in surgical treatments.
I. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic
for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Freeman, Dr.
Lundquist, Dr. Clark. Each Senior student is required to make
two hundred and fifty points in extractions.
m. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An-
esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist, Dr. Clark and
n. Radiology — Daily clinical instruction. Dr. Christiansen and
a. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of
steel; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or-
thodontia appliances. Impressions and models. Making of pinch
bands, clamp bands and retainers; application of these to models on
THE DENTAL SCHOOL 35
the manikin. First semester. Three hours a week. Dr. McClain
and Dr. Jones.
b. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak-
ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of
malocclusion; principles of treatment; methods of retention. Regu-
lating appliances. Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws,
expansion arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages,
retention. Illustrated with models, with movable teeth and enlarged
appliances. Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation
and final fixation. One hour a week throughout the year. Pro-
fessor Sellery and Dr. Buckley.
c. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor-
rection of cases in practice. Each Junior student is required to make
one hundred points in orthodontia. Professor Sellery, Dr.
Buckley and Dr. Buttner.
d. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology,
classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar
processes, the p'eridental membranes, and use of models. First semes-
ter. One hour a week. Professor Seller^' and Dr. Buckley.
e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor-
rection of cases in practice. Each member of the class is required to
make two hundred and fifty points in orthodontia.. Professor Sellery,
Dr. Buckley and Dr. Buttner.
f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five
weeks. Professor Seller}^
Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics
a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes-
sional ethics; state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law;
dental jurisprudence; general review. One semester, one hour a
week. Professor Noyes.
36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
DR. ARTHUR D. BLACK
a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice
building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela-
tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of
operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ-
omy in the conduct of an office. One semester, one hour a week.
Dr. Arthur D. Black.
a. Long Theme — The preparation of professional papers; the
use of libraries, bibliographies, footnotes. Second semester, one hour
a week. Professor Denton.
b. Long Theme — Each member of the class will prepare one
long theme compiled from the periodical and other dental literature.
c. Seminar-Theme — All reviews prepared by members of the
class for the seminars in oral surgery, dental pathology, prosthetic
dentistry and operative dentistry will be criticized before they are
read before the class. Conferences with the student essayists and
discussers. Professor Denton.
For information regarding the School, address Northwestern
University Dental School, 31 W , Lake St., Chicago.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
REGISTER OF STUDENTS, I92I-I922
Barcroft, Dwight Taylor Illinois
Black, Rhea Edwin Illinois
Brandser, Robert Wisconsin
Brooks, Malcolm P Illinois
Burr, Clarence Henderson. . .Canada
Coleman, William Arthur Iowa
Comee, Cyril C Wisconsin
Cook, Jean Indiana
Crabtree, Clayton Mack Illinois
Creviston, Ralph R Indiana
Davis, Paul K Illinois
Evanson, Louise Illinois
Frerichs, Arthur W... South Dakota
Grahn, Earl G. W Illinois
Handler, E. David Illinois
Hansen, Ellen Gurine Illinois
Hansen, Frederik L Illinois
Hatcher, Oliver P Tennessee
Hill, Lloyd B Kansas
Hockings, Robert Burnell. Michigan
Howard, Gordon M Illinois
Isay, Morton G Illinois
James, Charles S Georgia
Jostes, Benedict H Illinois
Kaep, Henry J Iowa
Kalb, Thaddeus F Indiana
Kobrzynski, Harriet E Illinois
Kopperud, William. . .North Dakota
Moe, Harold South Dakota
Munn, James A Canada
Newbury, Wallace J Wisconsin
Nicoll, Sydney Douglas. .. .Scotland
Nortell, Harry Illinois
O'Hara, John Sterling. .. .Michigan
Pendergast, William B Illinois
Peters, Wilfred S Illinois
Polisky, Jacob Illinois
Prince, George M Illinois
Probst, Edmund Aloysius. . .Indiana
Rappaport, Bernard Illinois
Reese, H. Cortland Illinois
Ringland, Kenneth W Illinois
Runyan, George W Indiana
Scher, Jacob Illinois
Schumaker, James Robert. . . .Illinois
Seim, Roy H Wisconsin
Serritella, William Illinois
Silver, Saul Illinois
Skebelsky, Martin S Illinois
Skrentny, Matthew Indiana
Smith, Geo. L Canada
Smith, J. Robert Colorado
Specter, Wilmont E Indiana
Sprunt, William H Idaho
Stephenson, Lindale Van. New York
Sturdavant, Forest Illinois
Thompson, David John Illinois
Wagner, J. Harold Illinois
Wanamaker, Frank H. .Washington
Wasson, Joseph S Illinois
Wheale, John T Indiana
Williams, G. Hewett Oklahoma
Wood, Norton J Michigan
Wright, Katie Tennessee
Adams, W. Mahlon. .. .Washington
Anderson, L. P Utah
Balbach, George Jacob Illinois
Balhatchett, George W Illinois
Bank, Carl H Michigan
Barlow, William Anderson. .Illinois
Baxter, Glenn B Iowa
Bayne, Neil E Montana
Benson, William H Illinois
Bentz, Allan D Utah
Berg, Stanley Hjalmer. North Dakota
Bernheim, Max G Illinois
Bettenhausen, L. G Illinois
Boone, Glen C - Illinois
Boucher, Orlando Illinois
Bowker, Harry C Illinois
Boyd, John Bedford Illinois
Brown, Daniel P Illinois
JUNIORS — Continued
Brown, Donovan Ward Indiana
Bruce, Jack Edward, Jr. .Wisconsin
Bruce, Ray Wisconsin
Bult, Lawrence Illinois
Burke, Joe F South Dakota
Cameron, Charles A Canada
Campbell, John Nelson
Caplan, Julius Indiana
Casewell, Cuthbert C Canada
Chisholm, Reginald H Virginia
Clearwater, Edgar B Iowa
Cohn, Hymen J Illinois
Collins, D. H South Dakota
Corrin, Roger J Michigan
Crawford, Thomas C. .Pennsylvania
*Crosthwaite, Leonard Illinois
Cunat, Miles J Illinois
Curtis, Merrill H
District of Columbia
Curtis, Nathaniel Arizona
Dameron, Logan D Arizona
Deahl, Elmer Illinois
Diehl, Val C South Dakota
Dobson, Andrew E Iowa
Donovan, Leo J Illinois
Drummond, Harold C. .. .Michigan
Dunn, Howard G Iowa
Dunsworth, Leon B Canada
Ericson, Marvin G... North Dakota
Evans, Phillip S Idaho
Fellows, Earl Wiley Illinois
Fisher, Wilfred E North Dakota
Foss, William J Illinois
Foster, Howard S Illinois
Gaul, Edward C Illinois
Gidley, Gerald H Indiana
Gillespie, Walter James Utah
Gillmeister, Benjamin M. .. .Illinois
Gilroy, John J Illinois
Gjerset, Maurice J Iowa
Gleave, Leo E Utah
Gomez, Roberto. .. .Central America
Gray, Charles Montana
Gray, Emory Speer Illinois
Grundy, George Benj Oklahoma
Gunther, Frank M Illinois
Hadden, Gilbert E Illinois
Halbeisen, Harold J.. North Dakota
Hamilton, Harold F. .. .Washington
Hammerschmidt, E, C Illinois
Hanson, Clarence A Minnesota
Hartley, Harry A Iowa
Hayelka, Rudolph Illinois
Herse, Richard L Nebraska
Hess, Elmer R Illinois
Hines, Hubert B Illinois
Hoag, Eugene E Illinois
Holzberger, Lloyd F Montana
Hoxey, Floyd L Illinois
Huffman, Luverne M. North Dakota
Hurwitz, Albert Ervin. .Washington
Huschka, Louis E North Dakota
Hutt, Spence Atwell Illinois
Jackson, Milon B Michigan
Jensen, L. Wallace Utah
Johnson, Melvin Michigan
Johnson, Otto M Illinois
Jones, Fenton Carlyle, Jr Iowa
Kern, Roy Anton Illinois
Kidder, Wayne Michigan
Killip, Merrill H Illinois
Kolling, William Illinois
Korssell, Harold M Illinois
LaCount, Paul Indiana
Laederach, Walter Edward. .Illinois
Lahr, Elven Scott..'. Indiana
Lanser, Matthew T Iowa
Lawson, Ralph Jack Ohio
Lewis, William E Missouri
Lindstrom, Carl Illinois
Livingstone, Donald M Canada
Lugnegard, Gustav Walter. .Sweden
Lynch, William J Indiana
Lyons, Vaughan D Idaho
Lyons, Wayne Charles Illinois
Magee, Roy M Oklahoma
Maika, Henry Frederick. . .Nebraska
Mastrud, Albert F North Dakota
Mathews, Oliver S Illinois
McCarthy, Ignatius Nebraska
McDaniel, Donald J Illinois
McEwen, Robert A Illinois
McLaughlin, Willard Nebraska
McNicol, Thomas K Canada
*Meese, Raymond E Indiana
Miller, Floyd H Illinois
Minshall, Lawrence K. . .Wisconsin
Mudra, James, Jr Illinois
Murray, Horatio S Wisconsin
♦Matriculated, but not in attendance.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
JUNIORS — Continued
Neperud, Marvin S Wisconsin
New, Harland Illinois
Nicolson, Joseph H
Washington, D. C.
Nordlie, Arndt B Illinois
Northcutt, Claude Oklahoma
Olson, Reuben M Illinois
Oilman, Harold C Missouri
Ong, George Illinois
Oshman, Herman Peter Texas
Pacey, Walter Illinois
PaflFord, Ernest M Arizona
Pearson, Herschel E Idaho
Peiser, Henry Irvin Tennessee
Peterson, Clarence H Illinois
Peterson, Clyde A. . . .South Dakota
Plekenpol, Lester Jerome. Wisconsin
Poliak, Meyer S Colorado
Powers, John R Illinois
Quiter, R. I Nebraska
Reeder, Daniel M Illinois
Robbins, William M.. North Dakota
Roberts, Albert Lincoln Illinois
Roe, Arthur Illinois
Rose, William Alexander. .Kentucky
Robinson, Daniel K Michigan
Ruggles, Leonard B Michigan
Ryan, Leonard L Canada
Sanderson, Leon T Canada
Schaefer, Roy C South Dakota
Schmidt, William George F.Canada
Schow, Willes Idaho
Scroggin, Guy F Illinois
Seaborg, Axel A Illinois
Shackelford, J. Gordon Arizona
Sharp, Baxter Reed Illinois
Sheppard, Clyde C Illinois
Siegman, Wesley West Virginia
Silj an, Sigurd South Dakota
Skehar, Harry George Canada
Skuse, James B Illinois
Smith, Wilbur S .Illinois
Snyder, Robert Wisconsin
Soffel, Quintin I Illinois
Spencer, Harwood Canada
Spencer, Mark C Iowa
Steiner, Charles J Indiana
Stern, Henry Illinois
Stevenson, George A Illinois
Strong, Lawrence Illinois
Sugar, Milton Harry Indiana
Sutherland, H. Ross Canada
Swindell, Merle Rex Michigan
Taylor, Ray H Illinois
Teaff, James W Ohio
Thompson, Laurence B Illinois
Thomson, Lloyd C. . . .North Dakota
Tittle, Felix S Illinois
Touzel, Mervyn Canada
Townsend, Gerald W Illinois
Ullestad, Rolf J Illinois
Vangsnes, Olaf Illinois
Webb, William M Illinois
Wellenstein, Melchior ...Minnesota
Wellington, Charles W Canada
Wells, Paul H Vermont
Wescott, Randall L Illinois
Westphal, Fred M Illinois
White, Arthur C New York
Wiesjohn, Alvin E Indiana
Williams, Roger S Wisconsin
Williams, Russell Illinois
Willson, Kenneth F... North Dakota
Wisnow, Helen Illinois
Wojniak, Jos. S Illinois
Wolfe, Lynn B West Virginia
Wood, Gary R Indiana
Wright, Thos. R Iowa
Wurth, Albert J Ohio
Zagers, Edward Michigan
Zee, T. Y China
Zimmer, William P Illinois
Adams, Samuel P., Jr Illinois
Ahlers, Fred W Illinois
Altenberg, Nathan H Illinois
Anderson, Carl Orlando
Anderson, Carl William Illinois
Anderson, Earl Francis
Bates, Charles William Illinois
Belinski, John L Illinois
Bell, James R Illinois
Bellagrotzky, Emanuel Illinois
Berman, Harold Illinois
Berman, Sidney D Illinois
Berry, Arthur L Illinois
Betzer, Chester Harold Illinois
Bigelow, Rolland Arlington..
N O R 1^ H W E S T E R N U N I V E R S II' Y
SOPHOMORES — Continued
Bill, Edith H Maryland
Blattberg, Benjamin Illinois
Bloonnberg, Samuel L Texas
Blumenthal, Morris Indiana
Bodfish, S. Burr Michigan
Boelke, Clarence Henry . .Minnesota
Brandt, Lloyd Minnesota
Brown, Frank J Indiana
Brozowsky, Sam Indiana
Bruggeman, Cecil R Iowa
Bunta, Joseph Douglass Illinois
Bush, Orville John Illinois
Butkin, Max R Illinois
Carnahan, Chester Louis Illinois
Chadovich, Peter Wisconsin
Churchill, Lewis D Illinois
Cibock, Charles Emil Indiana
Cibock, Lewis Martin Indiana
Cisar, George Edward Illinois
Cohen, Isador S Illinois
Colbiornsen, Kjeld S Canada
Conarty, Ansel Indiana
Cooper, Herbert William. Australia
Cooper, John Edmond. .. .California
Crum, Arthur L Iowa
Dahl, Rolf H South Dakota
Davis, John W., Jr Texas
Davis, Miles Dewey, Jr. . .Arkansas
Denison, William Russell. . .Indiana
DeRose, Amedeo Wisconsin
Dickinson, Edward Turner. Montana
Dillon, Leigh Wisconsin
Donahue, Joseph A Iowa
Donlevy, Webster Illinois
Doyle, William B Minnesota
Dumas, Paul L Tennessee
Edwards, Robert F...West Virginia
Ehn, K. Percy Illinois
Ellis, Raymond Dana Illinois
Emerson, Arthur C Wisconsin
Epstein, Stanley B Ohio
Erickson, Rudolph Michigan
Eshelman, Boyd Edward. .. .Indiana
Evers, Henry A., Jr Wisconsin
Fanning, Harold R New York
Fishbein, Louis H Illinois
Fisher, Max Pierce. . .South Dakota
Fitzgerald, Percy A Illinois
Flaten, Gilbert W Minnesota
Fleming, Thomas Elden. .. .Canada
Foutz, Leslie Utah
Francis, Harry B Illinois
Frangenheim, Raymond Illinois
Fuqua, John William Illinois
Garvin, Franklin M Texas
Genser, Arnold A Illinois
Gevirtz, Sydney E Illinois
Ghent, Charles Leslie Canada
Gleason, Gale Robert Michigan
Gleich, Gordon J Michigan
Goldberg, David Illinois
Goldbranson, Kent L Utah
Gordan, Samuel George Illinois
Grandle, H. Marion Kansas
Greenebaum, Moe New York
Groskie, Joseph Illinois
Guerrero, James Illinois
Guthridge, John R Canada
Haag, Ivan M., Jr Indiana
Hanson, Edward North Dakota
Hanson, Henry O Wisconsin
Hanson, John Tillman. North Dakota
Harmke, Carl Illinois
Haven, S. Rush, Jr Illinois
Headen, Leon W Alabama
Hedenschoug, Wright Illinois
Heininger, Sylvan B Illinois
Henderson, Harvey Joseph. Indiana
Henes, Raymond Arthur . .Michigan
Hippaka, Eino Gabriel. . .Minnesota
Horwitz, Max S Illinois
Hoskins, George Alexander. Canada
Hubbell, Maurice Lavern. Michigan
Humpidge, Walter C Illinois
Jackson, James O Pennsylvania
Jindrich, Ervin Illinois
Joaillier, Constantin J. Greece
Johnson, Carroll William. . .Illinois
Johnson, Melvin A Indiana
Johnson, Nels Kenneth. South Dakota
Johnston, William Minnesota
Jordan, William A Minnesota
Kanute, Charles Malcolm....
Karnick, Ralph Leonard
Kella, Joseph Illinois
Kelley, James Joseph Illinois
Kelly, Charles Wisconsin
Kennedy, William L Alabama
Klein, Nathan ..New York
Kuchinky, Michael J Ohio
Kuchler, Frank George, Jr.. Illinois
Lahr, E. Glenn Indiana
Lane, Alvan H Illinois
Lane, John Frederick Canada
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
SOPHOMORES — Continued
Larkey, Clarence William. Michigan
Lautenschlager, Frank. South Dakota
Liu, John Illinois
Lombardo, Anton Palmer. .. .Illinois
Lord, DeForest Dodge. New Mexico
Marcero, Clayton John. .. .Michigan
Marshall, Hugh B Wisconsin
Mast, Otto L Indiana
Mathews, Edwin Carl Indiana
Matteson, C. D Wyoming
McCaskill, James W Georgia
McDermott, Joseph Myron...
McElwain, J, Robert Wisconsin
McXamara, Lvle W... South Dakota
Miller, Roy G Illinois
Misher, Kenneth William. . .Illinois
Morrison, Gordon W Canada
Moyes, William S Utah
Murphy, Kenneth Iowa
Nakamura, Masao Hawaii
Nelson, Henry W Illinois
Newell, Robert Nebraska
Newman, Caesar E Illinois
Newman, Marcus Illinois
Newman, Meyer Illinois
Nichols, Raymond Eugene. . .Illinois
Nordberg, Harry Utah
Nussdorfer, Elmer Chris. .Michigan
O'Keefe, John Joseph. North Dakota
Olson, Frank B Illinois
Orminski, John Charles Illinois
Ovens, Hugh James Canada
Payne, Milton New York
Pearson, Earnest Allen Utah
Piirto, Jacob Arthur Michigan
Pinkerton, Robert George. . .Indiana
Pohle, Max WisconsiYi
Powell, Raymond H Illinois
Quanrud, Clarence M Minnesota
Quayle, Lyle S Michigan
Ranfranz, Oscar E Minnesota
Raz, Lope G Philippine Islands
Rethwill, Wesley H Minnesota
Rivkin, Samuel B Illinois
Roeser, Arnold Nicholas. .Minnesota
Rosen, Nathan H Illinois
Rowley, Samuel J. D Canada
Ruesch, William E Illinois
Rusdal, Sigurd C Wisconsin
Rutten, Ruben Joseph. North Dakota
Sansone, Hugo E Illinois
Schnaidt, Theodore B. South Dakota
Schulz, Fred Illinois
Scott, Winfield Texas
Shawgo, Clyde H Illinois
Sheafer, George Illinois
Shields, Roy C Indiana
Simonis, Wesley O Wisconsin
Sklodowski, Leo C Illinois
Small, Elliott B. W. I.
Smith, Charles E North Dakota
Smith, Emerson L Canada
Smith, Everett Donald Michigan
Smith, Lester E Michigan
Smith, Richard Clayton.. . .Michigan
Smith, Roy Pomphrette Indiana
Smith, Wayne B Iowa
Snyder, Richard H Illinois
Solberg, Francis A Minnesota
Starksen, Cliflford Merle
Stearns, Clarence F Illinois
Stearns, Eugene Marion Illinois
Stephens, James D Indiana
Struhall, R. L Texas
Sugrue, James Illinois
Supensky, Phillip Illinois
Swartz, Aaron E Illinois
Syverson, Howard Wisconsin
Taber, Albert Warren Illinois
Tang, Chu Fook Hawaii
Taufman, Harvey R Wisconsin
Thompson, Charles M
Washington, D. C.
Thompson, Norman G Illinois
Turbow, Morris O Illinois
Tweedle, Thomas Wedmore.
Twelves, Ralph Utah
Valentine, Holger Utah
Vertuno, Daniel Illinois
VonRuden, Henrv B Wisconsin
Walker, Charles' E Wisconsin
Ware, Glenn J Illinois
Watts, Elmer E Indiana
Wesselhoeft, Herbert D Illinois
West, Marie Eugenie Antoin-
Wilson, Leon Illinois
Winiecke, Edward Louis. .Michigan
Winning, Carl Duane Iowa
Wistain, Lincoln Illinois
Woods, Frank N Canada
N C) R ^r H W E S T E R N L N I V E R S 1 i Y
SOPHOMORES — Continued
Woolley, Leland Smith Idaho Zeiss, Elmer Clarence Uliaoit
Yalowitz, Myer Illinois Zuber, Harry G Illinoii
Anderson, Lawrence C.G.Wisconsin
Bailen, Albert A Illinois
Baldridge, Roy R Illinois
Barkdull, Stewart Idaho
Beasley, Anthony Bryant. . .Georgia
Bengston, Ralph Illinois
Berlin, Samuel Illinois
Boardman, George .Illinois
Buchanan, William A Illinois
Bunta, Albert Rab Illinois
Cooper, Bernard J Illinois
Coughlin, Donald M Illinois
*Currie, Harold M.... North Dakota
Davis, Stanley E Wisconsin
Dobbs, J. Lowry Ohio
*Douglas, Bert B Texas
Dowling, Frank E Illinois
Duffy, James J Illinois
Eisenhutt, Leo Lawrence Indiana
Gibson, Arthur James Michigan
Hulvey, Donald Eugene Illinois
Johnson, Alfred L Minnesota
Johnson, Waldo T Illinois
*Kellehar, John A Illinois
Kitzmiller, Elmore F Illinois
Koenig, Reuben H Iowa
Lewis, William Glenn Illinois
Livingston, Frank Iverson. .Canada
Lusk, Emory J Illinois
Malwitz, Roland K Utah
Mammen, Donald H Illinois
Marshall, John Neil Canada
McMillan, Elmer Illinois
Miller, Nathaniel Peyton. .Michigan
Morris, Edwin Bleakley Illinois
Morris, John Springer Arkansas
*Owyang, George T California
Pulley, Ralph B Illinois
*Purdy, Max B North Dakota
Reagan, Charles A Nevada
Ridpath, Thomas W Canada
Ripley, Aurin Minott Illinois
Roble, Melvin North Dakota
Rosoff, James Louis. . .North Dakota
Rothenberg^ Edward J. . . .New York
Rothwell, Allen Illinois
Schiff, Abe Leo Illinois
Schultz, Carl E Illinois
Semotiuk, Wasyl Illinois
Sewright, Dewey Wayne
Simon, Clarence E Illinois
Smoot, Robert Darrel Missouri
Stafford, Edwin Lucian Illinois
Streitmatter, B. Mae Illinois
Tarkington, Charles Monroe. Illinois
Vincent, John Arthur Australia
*Wagstaff, Nicholas A Illinois
Winograd, Moses George. New York
Witkowski, Charles B Illinois
Woolley, Hoyt Bridge Idaho
Adams, W. Claude, D.
Arnold, A. L., D.D.S. .
Bagby, W. B., D.D.S.
Baker, E. C, D.D.S...
Bean, L. G., D.D.S. ..
Bolster, S. K., D.D.S.
Bridge, W. G., D.D.S.
Busch, Ernest, D.D.S.
Cadmus, John H., D.D
Campbell, J. C, D.D.S
Carter. W. L., D.D.S.
D.S . . . Oregon Corriil, A. W., D.D.S Ohio
. . .Minnesota Dearborn, Helen T., D.D.S. . . .Iowa
Missouri DeVera, Isidoro L., D.D.S. . . .
Indiana Philippine Islands
Ohio Ducote, Clifton G., D.D. S.Louisiana
Ohio Dunster, Frank E., D.D.S. .Michigan
Massachusetts Exon, George E., D.D.S Kansas
Missouri Goodwin, Nellie, D.D.S Ohio
.S Illinois Harper, Robert N., D.D.S . . . Virginia
Missouri Harris, R. E.. D.D.S Indiana
Hill, V. E., D.D.S Texas
♦Matriculated, but not in attendance.
THE DENTAL SCHOOL
Hoeffel, Paul. D.D.S Illinois
Howland, Wells, D.D.S. New York
Imber, William J., D.D.S .... Illinois
Johnston, Roy R., D.D.S
Jones, A. H., D.D.S Missouri
Jung, Leo H., D.D S Illinois
Kelsey, James H., L.D.S.,
D.D.S., M.D.S Pennsylvania
Kirchoff, E. H., D.D.S Indiana
Kurtz, Theodore B., D.D.S. .Illinois
Magee, Paul, D.D.S Iowa
Marschalk, L. V. B., D.D.S...
Washington, D. C.
McHarg, R. J., D.D.S Canada
Merritt, J. P., D.D.S Kansas
Miller, H. C, D.D.S Kansas
Phillips, Herbert L., D.D.S.. .Illinois
Rambo, M., D.D.S Georgia
Ratliff, A. T., D.D.S Kentucky
Rider, Charles, D.D.S Nebraska
Robb, H. G., D.D.S Canada
Ross, Herbert, D.D.S Canada
Rovelstad, Henrv R., D.D.S. .Illinois
Satterfield, Elzer Z., D.D.S...
Scanlan, Walter R., D.D.S. .. Illinois
Schilling, Charles S., D.D.S Ohio
Schmitt, J. C, D.D.S Kentucky
Scruggs, J. C, D.D.S Kentucky
Sharp, Harry Lee, D.D.S Iowa
Snow, J. M., D.D.S Illinois
Snyder, H. C, D.D.S Illinois
Wengorovius, W. R., D.D.S..
GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS
British West Indies
District of Columbia
New York i
North Dakota i
South Dakota 2
Northwestern University Dental School
OFFICERS FOR 1 92 1 -1922
John H. Cadmus, President, Chicago.
J. H. Hospers, First Vice-President, Chicago.
Harold S. Smith, Second Vice-President, Chicago.
James L. Morlan, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St.,
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
G. G. Knapp, Chairman, Chicago.
G. E. Meyer, Chicago.
Kenneth Bignell, Chicago.
The annual Home-coming Clinic is held on Thursday and Friday
preceding Commencement each year at the University Building.
The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium
for the circulation of articles of interest to Northwestern alumni
and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa-
tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad-
vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School.
All members of the Association in good standing will receive the
Journal. Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental
School may become a member of the Alumni Association upon pay-
ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar
We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal,
and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official
publication a still greater success.
For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary.
James L. Morlan, Secretary-Treasurer,
25 E. Washington St., Chicago.
For information regarding the School, address Northwestern
University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago.
Evanston — Chicago
q THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS, ideally located in
Evanston, offers well organized courses for general educa-
tion, with special preparation for the professions and for
other pursuits requiring broad training, and special courses
in Religious Education and in Physical Education.
q THE GRADUATE SCHOOL, in Evanston, extends non-
professional training and research beyond the College curric-
ulum, with courses leading to advanced degrees.
q THE MEDICAL SCHOOL, in Chicago, is one of the best
equipped in the United States and its reputation for efficiency
is well-established. Numerous hospitals in close proximity
are open to students. Clinical matericJ is abundant.
q THE LAW SCHOOL, the oldest in Chicago, offers unex-
celled library and research facilities. Its courses leading to
degrees prepare for practice in any state.
q THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, on the campus in
Evanston, offers a five-year course of professional education
in a University environment, leading to the degrees of Bachelor
of Science and Civil Engineer or Electrical Engineer.
q THE DENTAL SCHOOL, in Chicago, is recognized as one
of the leading schools for dental training and investigation.
Its clinical facilities are unsurpassed.
q THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC in three weU-equipped build-
ings offers exceptional advantages for the thorough study of
music, professional or otherwise. It is located in Evanston.
q THE SCHOOL OF COMMERCE, in Chicago and Evanston,
offers professional and scientific education for business with
emphasis on the training of business executives. Day and
evening work, laboratory courses, and business research.
q THE SCHOOL OF SPEECH, in Evanston, is a University
Professioned School. It offers courses in debate, public speak-
ing and interpretation.
q THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, in Evanston, coordinates
the pedagogical activities of the University and through the
Department of Education in the College of LibersJ Arts offers
courses for every type of teaching. Awards University Cer-
tificate in Education.
q THE MEDILL SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM, in Chicago
and Evanston, offers comprehensive courses in editing, news
writing, reporting, newspaper administration.
For information regarding any School of the University, address
the President's Office, Northwestern University Building,
LETIN is published by North-
western University weekly dur-
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Chicago, Illinois. Entered as
second-class mail matter No-
vember 21, 19 1 3, at the post-
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1 912. Acceptance for mailing
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vided for in Section 1103, Act
of October 3, 191 7, authorized
on June 14, 1918.